Basic Lighting Knowledge

 
1.    
 Lumen(Lm)
Lumen is the international(SL)unit of luminous flux, a measure of overall light emitted by a light
source.
http://www.multidayautama.com/userfiles/images/basic01.gif

2.     Candela(cd)
Candela is the international(sl) unit of luminuous intensity,a measure of light emitted by a light
souce in a particular direction. Any given light source will have different luminous intensities in different direction considered.

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3.     Beam Angle [Unit:degree]
Beam angle is the angle betweent two directions for which the luminous intensity is 50% of the
maximum intensity as measured in a plan through the nominal beam centerline.Beam angle of a
lamp give an idea of how the light beam spread away form the beam center.
http://www.multidayautama.com/userfiles/images/basic03.gif

4.     LUX(lx)
Lux is the international(SL)unit of illuminance, a measure of light arriving at a surface, 1 lumen per
square foot equals 1 footcandle, while 1 lumen per square meter equals 1 lux .
[lux = lumen/m2]
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5.     Color Temperature / Correlated Color
Temperature(CCT)
A black-Body radiator will have different color whent it is heated up to different temperature(in
kevin).The Temperature at which the heated black-body radiator matches the color of the light
source is the color temperature of the light source.

6.     Color Rendering Index(CR)
Color rendering index ranges from 0-100 ,measures a light source’s ability to reproduce the color of
varies objects being lit by reference light source, black body radiator(CRI=100)

7.     Efficacy(lm/W)
Eifficacy is the effcience of a light source to concert electricity power to light which is expressed in
lumen output per unit power input (watt)
[Efficacy = lumen / wattage]

8.     Design Life Time
Design life time is the average life of lighting product when it is operated at nominal lamp
voltage,current and controlled working environment.Actual lamp life will varies because of any
different from those rating condition.

9.     Dimmability
Not all lighting prodcuts is designed for dimming function.Dimming a non-dimmable LED lighting
product will cause un-predictable result and may affect the life thime of the products.The below
figure ahows the typical input current variation while adjusting the DC voltage input to dimmable
andnon-dimmable product.

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